The most frequent reason for visiting a dentist is tooth pain which is caused by tooth decay or dental pulp inflammation. Proper prophylaxis, that is preventing the development of bacteria causing tooth decay and destruction is the most important aspect in maintaining healthy, strong teeth.
Preventive dental care can be divided into various stages. The first and extremely important one is everyday hygiene of the oral cavity performed at home and consisting in normal activities, such as brushing teeth, using mouth rinses and dental floss to remove food residues and bacteria favorable to the development of tooth decay. Any negligence in this regard may cause rapid development of bacteria in the oral cavity, and beginning of tooth decay. It is worth reiterating the old rule: avoid frequent consumption of sugars and – if possible – brush your teeth thoroughly after every meal.
It is recommended to systematically and frequently (at least once every 6 months) have control visits at the dentist. By having our oral cavity and teeth condition checked by a dentist you will be able to avoid serious teeth diseases, and detect the beginnings of inflammations or tooth decay in the early stages of their development. Remember: the earlier conservative treatment is commenced, the higher its effectiveness (and doesn’t involve intensive efforts on part of the dentist).
However, when the condition of teeth requires dental treatment, the most commonly performed procedure is tooth filling. Filling consists in the removal of damaged or destroyed by caries tooth tissues and replacing them with appropriate material used for reconstruction of the tooth structure. Very often, the dentist also recommends treatment in the form of placement of an inflammation-removing material within the infected tissues, after which proper filling is done. Currently, the most commonly used materials in conservative treatment are light-curing composite materials. Treatment is usually performed under local anesthesia to ensure that the patient feels as little discomfort associated with purification of tooth tissue as possible.
Advanced tooth decay (often associated with a developing inflammation of the tooth pulp) leads to infection of the soft tissues. In such cases endodontic treatment (commonly called root canal treatment) becomes necessary.