A dental cyst is a pathologic sac in the oral cavity, consisting of one or more pouches of tissue that may be filled with fluid or soft material. A cyst usually arises as a consequence of improper tooth removal or treatment. The most common type of an odontogenic cyst is a root cyst which develops due to incomplete removal of granulation tissue or cyst follicle, and leaving the cyst after tooth extraction. Its formation may also be caused by a portion of the tooth canal which has been left as a result of incomplete extraction.
In order to objectively diagnose whether the dental surgeon is dealing with a cyst, a pantomographic analysis is performed. It enables enables to detect the presence of liquids or other bodies in the patient’s upper or lower jaw, and carry out surgery consisting in cleansing the infected area and the administration of antibiotic treatment.
Very often, the development of cysts in the human body remains unnoticed and asymptomatic, therefore it’s essential that patients who are referred for routine sanitation of the oral cavity are carefully examined for the presence of inflammatory changes within the viscerocranium.